Distracted Driving in Alabama Target of April Enforcement Efforts

Apr 2014
By: Slocumb Law

April is Distracted Driving Awareness Month. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has scheduled an $8.5 million ad campaign and a week of stepped-up enforcement for texting and cell phone bans. The slogan the NHTSA is pushing is “U Text. U Drive. U Pay.”

The National Safety Council (NSC) is also conducting its own campaign during Distracted Driving Awareness Month. The NSC’s efforts focus on informing people that hands-free devices are dangerous, despite popular beliefs to the contrary. Victims injured by a driver using a hands-free device or otherwise distracted by a phone can get help making a motor vehicle accident claim from a Mobile texting accident attorney.

Drivers Misinformed About Hands-Free Devices

The campaign to inform drivers about the myth of hands-free devices is an important one because many drivers don’t know the truth. Cars.com reports that around 80 percent of drivers think that hands-free phones are safe. These drivers may use voice-to-text programs as well as talking on their phones using Bluetooth or other hands-free systems.

When drivers do use hands-free systems to complete electronic tasks in the car, around 70 percent say they do so for safety reasons. The NSC hopes to inform these drivers that they aren’t any safer and may actually be taking a bigger risk. Studies have shown that a voice-to-text program makes sending or receiving a text more distracting for drivers than just holding the phone to type or read the text.

Furthermore, the brain is not able to multitask effectively, and studies have shown you end up switching your focus from the phone to the road and back again when you are talking or listening on a call. You don’t do this very well, and you miss as much as 50 percent of the visual information outside your windshield. This makes sense, since the area of your brain devoted to visual activity is 1/3 less active when you’re on the phone (even using a hands-free kit), compared to when you are not multitasking.

Still, about nine percent of all drivers at any given time are using hands-free devices on the road. These drivers aren’t breaking any laws. Although USA Today reports that 12 states have complete bans on handheld phone use and 43 have bans on texting, no state has banned hands-free systems. Drivers thus may be unlikely to ever find out that what they are doing in their cars is risky until it is too late and they get into a collision. The NSC’s campaign hopes to increase awareness.

Drivers need to avoid any type of use of electronic devices, even if they have a hands-free kit. Most safety experts urge a complete federal ban of cell phone use in vehicles, but this is not likely to become law anytime soon. Until it does, it is up to drivers to voluntarily make the right choice and exercise appropriate care behind the wheel.

Accident lawyers in Mobile can help if you have been injured in an Alabama traffic accident. Contact the Mike Slocumb Law Firm at 1-800-HURTLINE.

Traffic Accidents in Mobile a Higher Risk for Teens with Passengers

A Mobile traffic collision recently claimed the life of one teenager and forever changed the lives of five others, who authorities say were seriously injured.

Investigators say the six teens were all in the same car shortly after midnight on a Sunday when the young driver, for reasons yet unknown, left the roadway and slammed into a building. One of the youths was pronounced dead at the scene. Police say speed was likely a factor in the crash.

Our Mobile accident attorneys are aware of extensive research pointing to the fact that the more teen passengers are in a vehicle driven by a teen driver, the higher the likelihood of a crash.

Study finds teens with passengers more likely to crash

In fact, one study conducted by Texas A&M Transportation Institute and released last year revealed that 15-to-17-year-old drivers are nearly eight times more likely to be involved in a deadly crash when they are carrying two or more teen passengers. This was based on 10 years of national traffic data. This represents a 30 percent increase during that time frame.

In Alabama, the graduated driver’s license program limits the number of passengers that novice drivers can have in a car at any one time. For those with a Stage I learner’s permit, new drivers can only operate a vehicle when a parent, legal guardian or licensed driver older than 21 is in the front passenger seat. A driver with a Stage II restricted license may not have more than one passenger in the vehicle who is not a parent, legal guardian or family member.

The National Safety Council notes that the most dangerous time in a teen driver’s life is during the first year that he or she has a license. In fact, nothing kills more teenagers than car crashes. Some 4,700 people die every year in crashes involving teen drivers, with passengers accounting for 1,200 of those and occupants of other vehicles accounting for 1,120. Pedestrians, cyclists and other non-occupants account for 400.

These points are especially relevant in March, at the height of the spring break season, as teens and young college students will be flocking to the Gulf Coast. Mobile is an ideal spot, though we fully anticipate many of our youth will also be traveling nearby to the Florida panhandle.

Many spring break celebrations incorporate alcohol. When you factor in binge drinking with inexperience behind the wheel, the consequences are often fatal.

The Alabama Department of Public Safety has said that it expects heavier-than-usual traffic, particularly to southern Alabama, in the months of both March and April due to spring break. The agency urges parents to discuss with teens ways to make safe driving a top priority.

Other important rules of the road include:

  • Always wearing a seat belt;
  • Focusing on the road, and avoiding distractions, such as texting or calling someone on your cell phone.
  • Limit the number of teen passengers in your vehicle.
  • Obey speed limits and other traffic safety laws.
  • Limit your night time driving.
  • Never drink or use drugs prior to getting into a vehicle. Make sure your teen knows he or she can always call you if they find themselves in a bad situation.

Accident lawyers in Mobile can help if you have been injured in an Alabama traffic accident. Contact the Mike Slocumb Law Firm at 1-800-HURTLINE.

Mobile Car Accident Prevention Goal of Federal V2V Proposal

In recent weeks, dozens of people have been injured and several others killed in Alabama car accidents, mostly attributed to icy roads or other inclement weather conditions.

The Montgomery car accident lawyers at The Mike Slocumb Law Firm know that while drivers may be unable to control the weather, they most certainly can control their reaction to it. In far too many of these cases, crashes occur because one or more drivers failed to reduce their speed and maintain an adequate distance from other vehicles.

Today, there is renewed hope that perhaps the toll won’t be nearly as high in years to come, following the recent announcement by officials with the National Highway Safety Association that it plans to press forward with vehicle-to-vehicle communication technology requirements for light vehicles.

The technology works by essentially allowing cars to “talk” to one another, exchanging basic information regarding their position, speed, direction of travel and braking activities. That information can then be translated automatically by other vehicles, which would then automatically react.

This information is traded so quickly – 10 times per second – that it could be extremely valuable in sudden, inclement weather conditions, when visibility is low and drivers don’t have much time to react.

Among the victims in recent crashes, according to Alabama State Troopers:

  • A 64-year-old Birmingham woman killed on an icy Alabama 5  when struck by another vehicle around 11 a.m.;
  • A 29-year-old man and a 2-year-old girl killed on Alabama 14 when icy conditions caused him to collide with another vehicle on the Lay Bridge;
  • A 22-year-old active Air Force airman killed in a Montgomery car accident.

Whether V2V technology would have prevented any of these crashes is unknowable, but collision prevention is the key goal of this emerging technology. The NHTSA’s  finalized report  on a year-long pilot program using the technology on 3,000 vehicles in Michigan is expected within the next several months. So far driver clinics conducted by the agency indicated high rates of customer acceptance and favor. Many of the participants have said they would like to extend their use of the V2V technology.

NHTSA’s Acting Administrator David Freeman was recently quoted as saying the devices have the potential to “significantly” reduce the number of motor vehicle crashes and injuries in decades to come.

The technology equips vehicles with the ability to gather data from 360-degrees. The information collected alerts the driver to a potentially hazardous situation. The current applications don’t  automatically operate steering or braking, but the NHTSA is exploring that as a future option.

For now, a good example of the way the system works is this: A driver is trying to determine whether it’s safe to pass another vehicle on a two-lane road. If he misjudges, he potentially risks a head-on collision if he can’t see around the vehicle in front of him. With V2V technology, the driver can detect a possible threat from hundreds of yards away, even if the other vehicle can’t yet be seen or heard by the motorist.

The agency hasn’t announced any plans to require V2V on commercial vehicles, but it has held discussions as recently as last summer on the issue.

If you have been involved in an Alabama crash, contact the Mobile car accident lawyers at Mike Slocumb Law Firm at 1-800-HURTLINE or visit www.slocumblaw.com.

Elder Abuse in Mobile a Growing Threat

Jan 2014
By: Slocumb Law

Elder abuse and neglect of senior citizens is becoming an international problem as people throughout the world age. Recently, the Daily News painted a chilling picture of serious problems of poverty and neglect. Seniors are facing a lack of proper care not just in nursing homes but even when under the care of family members in their own home. A ProPublica Investigation into assisted living homes also painted a chilling portrait of what life is like for seniors in assisted living facilities. 

When seniors cannot count on nursing homes, assisted-living facilities or even their own children to provide an adequate level of care, there are very few places for these individuals to turn.  An experienc0ed nursing home abuse lawyer in Mobile knows that many of the seniors who are victims of abuse or neglect end up losing their lives or giving up the will to live, and these outcomes are tragic. Seniors should not have to put up with substandard care, especially in nursing homes and assisted-living facilities which are paid to provide for residents and which the law says must meet the basic needs of the elderly charges under their care.

Elder Abuse is Becoming a Major Worldwide Problem

By 2050, senior citizens are expected to outnumber children for the first time in history. These aging seniors may live at home with children or family members as caregivers, or they may live in assisted living or nursing home environments. Many will be very poor, as only one in five older people worldwide has a pension to provide for them in old age.

Even those with money may experience significant financial hardships due to their medical costs, as seniors represent a large portion of the 100 million people each year who fall into poverty as a result of medical expenses. Medicaid in the United States should cover nursing home costs for eligible seniors in the United States, but even when in the care of a nursing home, seniors aren’t guaranteed a comfortable environment.

The problem is that nursing homes and assisted-living facilities are often understaffed and under-regulated, which has serious consequences. Assisted-living facilities may be especially dangerous because as ProPublica indicates, they are not subject to federal requirements that the facilities be inspected once every 15-months as nursing homes are. However, while nursing homes do need to be inspected by law, violations may not be identified immediately and seniors may be unable to speak up for themselves when there is a problem.

Getting a clear picture of the number of seniors who are abused or neglected is difficult precisely because so many seniors cannot stand up for themselves. However, the Daily News recently indicated that anywhere from four to 10 percent of seniors receiving their care are at home are abused, and that as many as four to six percent of seniors in developed countries like the U.S. suffer from abuse in nursing home or other assisted-living environments.

Despite the prevalence of elder abuse, however, the U.S. did not pass the Elder Justice Act until 2010, and no more than two cents out of every dollar spent on family violence by the U.S. government goes to elder abuse. Far too little is being done to help seniors, especially as the rapid aging of the population leaves many seniors looking for care.

Contact the Mike Slocumb Law Firm in Mobile, AL at 1-800-HURTLINE to schedule a free consultation.

Mobile Traffic Accidents – An Eye on Texting Drivers

Dec 2013
By: Slocumb Law

Texting while driving is one of the most dangerous things that a person can do as he drives, since sending or reading a text require a full 4.6 seconds of focusing on the phone and not the road. Texting drivers cause thousands of accidents, deaths and injuries each year, and almost every state in the U.S. has put some type of ban or limitation into place restricting motorists from texting as they drive.

In some states, the laws banning texting are targeted specifically towards younger drivers, who many believe are the most likely to text. While it is true that people under age 39 are overall more likely to send and read text messages on their phone as they drive, it turns out that young teens are actually not the group most likely to engage in this dangerous behavior.

Texting and Driving Risks By Age

An experienced texting accident lawyer in Mobile knows that distracted driving is a problem among all age groups, with more than two out of every three drivers saying that they use their cell phones in some capacity as they drive despite knowing that it is dangerous to do so.

However, a recent AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety study sheds more light on who the highest risk groups are when it comes to texting. According to this study:

  • Among drivers aged 16-18, 31 percent said they had sent a text or an email when driving. Seven percent said that they did this regularly.
  • Among drivers aged 19-24, 42 percent said they had sent a text or an email when driving. A total of 11 percent said that they did this regularly. People in this age group were the ones most likely to be texting.
  • Among drivers aged 25-39, 45 percent said that they had sent a text or an email behind the wheel. Ten percent said that this occurred often.
  • The percentage of drivers who reported sending a text or email on their phones while driving fell to 24 percent for those age 40-59. Just four percent of people in this age group regularly texted behind the wheel.
  • Among drivers age 60 to 74, seven percent have sent a text or email while driving but only two percent do this regularly.
  • Finally, only one percent of drivers aged 75 and up said that they either had sent a text or an email or said that they had done so regularly.

This data may suggest that new drivers who are young teens are less experienced and feel that they need to focus on the road more, thus resulting in a lower texting rate. By the time they have had their licenses for a few years, however, they could become bolder or more confident in their ability to drive and thus they start to send and receive texts more while driving because they no longer view this behavior as quite so risky. The younger demographic of teens may also have been exposed to more anti-distracted driving lessons that have been introduced into high schools in recent years, and thus may be more likely to recognize just how dangerous this behavior really is.

Car accident lawyers in Mobile can help if you have been injured in an Alabama traffic accident. Contact the Mike Slocumb Law Firm at 1-800-HURTLINE.

Mobile Traffic Accidents – New Technology to Reduce Future Risks

Nov 2013
By: Slocumb Law

In the past four decades, there has been a considerable decline in the number of people who die in auto accidents each year.  In 2012, however, there was the first annual increase in the number of traffic fatalities since an increase in auto accident deaths in 2005.  Although there are still far fewer accidents today than there were just a few short decades ago – in large part because of better safety gear and tougher safety laws – 33,561 people still died in collisions in 2012. Any drunk driving accident lawyer in Mobile knows that these thousands of people left behind devastated families and that far too many lives are still being lost.

Many of the crashes that occur today happen because people make unsafe choices. The head of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) indicated that many of the problems on the roads happen because, despite the best efforts of the government, there are still people who drive while distracted, who drive while drunk or who refuse to wear their seat belts when in a vehicle. The government hopes to reduce the number of people doing these dangerous things through the development of new technology, and the Huffington Post has recently reported that the government is speeding up research on car safety systems so that it can tackle the problems head on and hopefully save lives.

Technology Can Help To Curb Traffic Problems

There are several different kinds of auto safety technology that are in development and that are considered likely to be ready soon for use in vehicles. For example, seat belt interlock device are one technology that is close to being fully developed.

Seat belt interlock devices stop cars and trucks from being driven as long as the vehicle’s driver or any passenger remains unbuckled. The NHTSA is currently examining the feasibility of changing safety standards and letting these seat belt devices work to satisfy government requirements for protecting occupants in crash tests. Auto makers support the idea of requiring effective seat belt use in order to start the car, because it would be less costly to use an automated seat belt system than to design the interior of cars to ensure all occupants are safe even if unbelted.

Experts are still making some tweaks to the seat belt technology with the goal of making sure that the interlock devices are very reliable and that the interlocks are tamper-proof.  However, once this technology passes and if it finds its way into cars, it could save as many as 3,000 people every single year.

Other technology currently in development is some type of system for detecting a driver’s alcohol based on either his finger on a car start button or based on a driver normally breathing air while in the car. This technology is at least five years away, since it is important to make sure that the drunk-driving prevention tool does not overly burden sober drivers.

Drunk driving accident lawyers in Mobile can help if you have been injured in an Alabama traffic accident. Contact the Mike Slocumb Law Firm at 1-800-HURTLINE.

Disability Benefits in Alabama Best Handled by Attorney Amid Ongoing Scrutiny

The Social Security Disability (SSD) system is the only source of income for many people who are severely disabled and who are not able to work because of an injury or grave medical condition. Both Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) are an important part of the safety net since a 20-year-old worker has a 30 percent chance of becoming disabled before retirement age and since fewer than half of all young people have access to private disability insurance or are covered by policies.

Despite the important role that the SSD system plays in providing income for the disabled, lawmakers and the media have repeatedly been targeting the program in recent months with investigations and scathing accusations of fraud. These accusations are largely unfounded, as Social Security Disability lawyers in Mobile, AL understand that a person trying to obtain these important benefits not only must meet stringent requirements, but often have their initial claim denied.

Media and Lawmakers Raise Largely Unfounded Concerns About Fraud

The Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations launched a comprehensive investigation into the Social Security Disability program and USA Today reported that the investigation identified disability fraud. The Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee also heard testimony in early October from doctors and judges as part of a two-year investigation to identify why there were an “unusually high” number of approved claims. These investigations are spurred by lawmakers who are extremely concerned about how many people are currently receiving SSD benefits.

Lawmakers aren’t the only ones questioning whether the SSA is being too generous with its disability programs. Both This American Life on PBS and the popular 60 Minutes television show have published pieces suggesting that many are turning to SSD as a welfare-substitute and/or because they don’t want to work even though they could.

The Center for Economic and Policy Research, however, points out a few problems with the conclusions of lawmakers and the media suggesting rampant fraud.  irst and foremost, the Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR) indicates that the denial rate is incredibly high for applicants for SSD benefits. Almost 75 percent of total applications for benefits are initially turned down. Even after appealing the initial denial, only around 60 percent of applicants are reportedly able to get benefits.

It is difficult to understand how a program with such a high denial rate could be described as having unusually high numbers of approved claims. The SSA’s strict and narrow definition of who is disabled enough to receive benefits also makes it really hard for someone to commit fraud because they’d need a doctor to falsify medical records showing they had required symptoms.

CEPR also points to a University of Michigan Study that revealed only seven percent of people who applied for and were denied disability benefits were working two years after the denial.  Among those who did work after a claim was denied, they usually earned just 25-50 percent of what they’d made before they got hurt.

The CEPR data provides strong reasons to believe that those who are attacking the SSD program may not have a lot of factual basis for their arguments. Unfortunately, attacks on the program may make it even more difficult for applicants to secure benefits in a system that already presents numerous obstacles for the disabled.

For help getting benefits through Social Security disability in Mobile, AL contact the Mike Slocumb Law Firm at 1-800-HURTLINE.

Mobile Traffic Accidents in Focus as Allstate Looks at America’s Safest Driving Cities

Sep 2013
By: Slocumb Law

Car accident lawyers in Mobile know that avoiding traffic collisions should be the top priority for every motorist and fortunately it looks like drivers in Mobile have done a little better job this year.  Mobile has moved up on the list of the safest cities for drivers prepared each year by Allstate Insurance Company, earning a significantly higher place on this list.

However, there are still many places safer than Mobile, so there is still work to be done. Allstate provides some tips for drivers to reduce the risk of traffic collisions – and we could all use the reminder with the holidays just around the corner.

Mobile Moves Up on the List of Safe Cities

In late August, Allstate Insurance announced that it was releasing its 2013 Allstate America’s Best Drivers Report. This report has been compiled each year for the past nine years based on data from insurance claims made to Allstate.

Because Allstate insures around 10 percent of all drivers in the United States, its claims data is fairly representative of driver claims for accidents made throughout the United States.

This year, Mobile improved its position significantly on the list as compared with 2012. Mobile is number 24 on the list of the 200 safest cities released in 2013, moving up from number 36 on the 2012 report. While still not as safe as other locations in Alabama including Huntsville, Montgomery and Birmingham, this is a significant improvement from the prior year’s data.

Mobile earned its place as #24 because the average years between accidents for drivers in the area is 11.3.  This is not as good as the 13.9 average years between accidents in the safest city, Fort Collins CO, but is much better than the 4.8 years in Washington D.C., which has the distinction of being the least safest city on the list. Allstate data also shows that the relative likelihood of a motorist having an accident in Alabama is 11.3 percent lower than the national average.

This is good news for Alabama drivers, but Allstate has some advice to make the city even safer:

  • Knowing where you are going before you leave home. If you have directions and know where you are headed, you won’t be looking at GPS and map devices as much and can be better focused on the road. If you do get lost, pull over instead of trying to drive while figuring out where you are headed.
  • Planning ahead for traffic time. By making sure you leave yourself ample time to get to your destination, you won’t be inclined to tailgate or speed, both of which increase the risk of an accident.
  • Being alert. You may have to stop or slow for pedestrians and other vehicles and you want to be paying attention so you don’t hit anyone or anything.

Following these tips can help to make the streets of Mobile even safer and can help to continue the improvements made over the past year that have allowed Mobile to move up on the list of the cities safest for drivers.

Car accident lawyers in Mobile can help if you have been injured in an Alabama traffic accident. Contact the Mike Slocumb Law Firm at 1-800-HURTLINE.

Alabama Accident with Senior Driver An Important Reminder of Risks for the Elderly

Aug 2013
By: Slocumb Law

According to the Mobile Alabama blog, a 76-year-old Alabama woman was recently killed in an auto accident. The crash occurred at 6:30 in the morning when the woman drove across a median on Interstate 10. She crashed her vehicle into a semi-truck. Unfortunately, the accident was fatal for the 76-year-old driver. Two passengers in the vehicle, a 16-year-old and a 12-year-old, were also injured in the crash and taken to University of South Alabama Medical Center. Fortunately, the driver of the semi-truck was able to escape the crash without injury.

The investigation into the accident is still ongoing and it is unclear exactly what happened to cause the 76-year-old victim to drive her vehicle into the median and into the truck. However, our Mobile accident lawyers know that there are many situations in which seniors continue to drive past the point where it is safe for them to do so. When a senior is driving after he or she suffers from physical or cognitive impairments that make safe travel difficult, both the senior and everyone else on the road are in danger.

Seniors Need to Stop Driving When it is No Longer Safe

As people age, their vision, cognitive function, memory and physical reflexes begin to slowly deteriorate. Older people may not be able to see as well and they may not react as quickly when faced with stimuli. In the car, this can be a recipe for disaster. A senior driver might not see a hazard until he or she has come close to approaching it and may have slower reflexes and a delayed reaction time.

While not all seniors become incapable of driving safely, many do get to a point where they should no longer be driving themselves or passengers. In fact, research has shown that most seniors will stop being able to drive safely around six years prior to the time when they pass away. If seniors don’t realize that they have lost the ability to drive, this means that there may be several years when they are behind the wheel and shouldn’t be.

To combat this problem, both seniors and their family members need to be aware of the risks that elderly drivers can create and need to be watchful for signs and symptoms that suggest that driving is no longer safe.  For family members, this can sometimes be a difficult subject to broach. Talking to the senior’s doctor could be the best way to deal with the situation as the doctor can evaluate the senior’s health status and give an unbiased objective opinion on whether it is still OK for the elderly person to drive.

It may be unpleasant to realize that you or your older family member is no longer able to drive safely. Still, it is far better to have a difficult conversation or make a difficult choice than it is to lose a loved one in a car accident or to put other motorists at risk of losing their lives.

If you have been injured in an Alabama traffic  accident, contact the Mike Slocumb Law Firm at 1-800-HURTLINE

Music May Not be a Distraction For Mobile Drivers

Jul 2013
By: Slocumb Law

Our Mobile accident lawyers know that distracted driving is a problem in the state of Alabama, just as it is a problem elsewhere in the United States. Any type of distraction in the car takes your focus off of the road and can result in a slower reaction time and an increased chance of an accident happening. While cell phones usually get the most publicity when it comes to distracted driving, studies have shown that other behaviors including driving with pets, eating, grooming and even talking to passengers can all result in an increase in your risk of becoming involved in a car wreck.

Recently, however, a study showed that listening to the music while driving might not be a dangerous distraction in all cases. In fact, music might even be a good thing on some drives and could help to reduce your accident risk. The small-scale study notes drivers still need to be careful that they pay attention to whether they personally are distracted by music. Still, the outcome is good news for drivers who want to turn on the tunes but who don’t want to do anything to increase their auto accident risk.

Music Can Keep You Focused & Improve Reaction Time

The recent study on the effect of music and driving was conducted by Dutch researchers. US News & World Report published the outcome of the study, which involved monitoring 47 students as they drove a simulated driving course. The students were between the ages of 19 and 25 and, on average, had at least 2 1/2 years of driving experience or more.  They were asked prior to the study to create a playlist of music that they liked and that they were pretty familiar with.

The young drivers were then asked to drive a course that lasted for about half an hour that was just a routine drive on a two-lane road, much like the drive a person would take when going to and from work. While the drivers drove the course, they were monitored carefully and their reaction times were recorded. The drivers drove the course three separate times. On one of the drives, they had no music on as they drove. On another, the music was on at a moderate volume. Finally, on the third drive, the music was turned up louder. The drivers did not have the ability to adjust the volume as they drove on the simulated driving course.

The study showed that the drivers actually had the best reaction time on the drive where the music was turned up. However, they also reacted more quickly to the car in front of them when the music was on at a moderate volume than when the music was off.  This suggests that the music not only isn’t a dangerous distraction but that it can also help the drivers to stay alert and focused on the roads in some cases. While the outcome might be different for drivers of a different age group, the news is still good and drivers should consider skipping their phone calls and enjoy the music as they drive. Be mindful, however, that particularly loud music or obsessive messing with the volume or controls, can lead to unnecessary risks of their own.

If you have been injured in an Alabama traffic  accident, contact the Mike Slocumb Law Firm at 1-800-HURTLINE.